Chloride is another one of the body's major minerals. It is the most abundant anion (negatively charged particle) in the extracellular (outside the cell) fluid. It helps regulate the flow of fluids in the body.
Interestingly, chloride is considered a passive mineral in the body. This means that it doesn't make things happen, it simply responds to what is happening. As sodium levels change, chloride levels change. Or in the case of maintaining the acid-base balance it is influenced by bicarbonate levels.
Increased levels of chloride in a particular area pull fluid into that area. As levels drop then fluid is pulled away. Along with sodium and potassium, these minerals balance the osmotic pressure (the flow of fluid).
The main functions of chloride is fluid balance, the transfer of carbon dioxide from the tissues to the lungs via the blood, and the break down of food in the stomach in the form of hydrochloric acid (HCl). HCl activates the release of pepsinogen in the stomach which is important for B12 absorption and the production of the mucus that lines the stomach to protect it from the acid.
Chloride is almost complete absorbed in the gastrointestinal tract where it is also secreted along with sodium and potassium. It is a mineral that can be poisonous if the recommended dose is exceeded or lead to excessive water retention.
The good thing about cell salts is they are not supplements but microbuses of the essential elements and nutrients. Therefore there isn't the same risk of taking too much. The salts trigger the body to do a check of what is going on and course correct if necessary.